The Biometric Devices Control Panel applet is used to manage biometric devices in Windows like fingerprint readers. With Biometric Devices, you can turn on and off biometrics and choose to allow or disallow the ability for users to log on to Windows using their fingerprints.
Execute control /name Microsoft.BiometricDevices from the Command Prompt to access Biometric Devices directly.
Biometric Devices is available in Windows 8 and Windows 7.
BitLocker Drive Encryption
The BitLocker Drive Encryption Control Panel applet is used to turn on, suspend, or turn off BitLocker whole-drive encryption on your hard drives and flash drives.
Execute control /name Microsoft.BitLockerDriveEncryption from the Command Prompt to access BitLocker Drive Encryption directly.
BitLocker Drive Encryption is available in Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows Vista.
The Bluetooth Devices Control Panel applet is used to add and configure Bluetooth devices.
Execute control /name Microsoft.BluetoothDevices from the Command Prompt to access Bluetooth Devices directly.
Bluetooth Devices was integrated into Devices and Printers beginning in Windows 7.
Bluetooth Devices is available in Windows Vista.
The Color Management Control Panel applet is used to manage color profiles for monitors, printers, and other image devices. You can also perform basic display calibration from the Color Management applet.
Execute control /name Microsoft.ColorManagement from the Command Prompt to access Color Management directly.
Color Management replaced Color beginning in Windows Vista.
Color Management is available in Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows Vista.
The Color Control Panel applet is used to manage color profiles in Windows.
Execute WinColor.exe from C:\Program Files\Pro Imaging Powertoys\Microsoft Color Control Panel Applet for Windows XP from the Command Prompt to access Color directly.
Color was replaced by Color Management beginning in Windows Vista
Color is available in Windows XP and only via manual download from Microsoft here.
The Credential Manager Control Panel applet is used to store and manage credentials like usernames and passwords so it's easier to log on to network resources and password protected websites.
Execute control /name Microsoft.CredentialManager from the Command Prompt to access Credential Manager directly.
Credential Manager is available in Windows 8 and Windows 7.
CSNW (Client Service for NetWare)
The CSNW Control Panel applet opens the Client Service for NetWare options which you can use to set the preferred NetWare server, default tree and context, print options, and login script options.
Execute control nwc.cpl from the Command Prompt to access Client Service for NetWare directly.
Microsoft removed their native NetWare client beginning in Windows Vista. Novell provides clients for Windows Vista and Windows 7 and may, but does not currently, for Windows 8.
Client Service for NetWare for Netware is available in Windows XP.
Date and Time
The Date and Time Control Panel applet is used to configure the system time and data, set the time zone, configure daylight saving time, and manage Internet time synchronization.
Execute control /name Microsoft.DateAndTime from the Command Prompt to access Date and Time directly. In Windows XP, execute control date/time instead.
Date and Time is available in Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP.
The Default Location Control Panel applet stores your zip code, address, latitude, longitude, and other location based information for programs that utilize that data through Windows.
Execute control /name Microsoft.DefaultLocation from the Command Prompt to access Default Location directly.
Default Location is only available in Windows 7.
Beginning in Windows 8, location data is stored and managed on a per-app basis, removing the need for a global control of default location information. However, a basic Home Location setting is available in Windows 8's Region applet on the Location tab.
See the Location and Other Sensors applet in Windows 7 or the Location Settings applet in Windows 8 for related settings.
The Default Programs Control Panel applet is used to configure the default program used for a particular file extension and also to set default programs for certain activities like email, web browsing, etc.
Execute control /name Microsoft.DefaultPrograms from the Command Prompt to access Default Programs directly.
Starting in Windows Vista, Default Programs replaced the default program access feature of the Add or Remove Programs applet in Windows XP.
Default Programs is available in Windows 8, Windows 7, and Windows Vista.